Around 1200 B.C., some Indo European people invaded West Asia from the North. They are known
to be called the Persians and the Medes. These people were related to Hittites, the Greeks, and the Romans. Persians were
nomads, who traveled around on their horses and cattles.
Soon they settled in South Asia. They settled what is now Iran. The Medes and the Persians weren't
known to be conquerers until 600 B.C.That is when Medes and Persia joined forces. First the Medes were stronger,
however under the rule of Cyrus, Persia became what is now knowns as The Persia.
The Perisans soon started to conquer all of West Asia: the Babylons, the Assyrians, the Jews,
the Phoenicians, the Syrians, the Lydians, and the Greeks (Turkey). After Cyrus died, his son Cambyses took over. Soon he
added Egypt to the empire. However, Cambyses was killed by his own people for having a mental illness. Then Darius took over.
Then he moved the capital to Persepolis.
When Darius died, Xerxes took over. After expanding the Persian's empire to its peak. The empire
reigned for another 150 years. Then they were defeated by Alexander the Great.