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The Battle of Thermopylae

The Battle of Thermopylae
Persia
Spartan
Bibliography

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                                          The Battle
 
     The Battle of Thermopylae was the battle held when Persia held an enormous invasion against Greece.
     In 480 B.C., a Greek force of 7000 men from the Peleponnese, led by King Leonidas and 300 Spartan heavy infantry, held off a Persian invasion army led by King Xerxes. The Persian army was about 840,000 men to 1 million men.
    The battle was held in a place called Thermopylae, which was an entrance to a mountain pass. Thermopylae was very important to the Greeks, since Xerxes could not land his army in central Greek, due to blockades by Greek navy. Xerxes had to land his army in the other side of Mt. Kallidromos. To get to Greece, Xerxes and his enormous army had to travel through Thermopylae in order to get to Greece. Since Thermopylae was a small entrance, the Persian army decided to go in groups. 
    At the bay, the Spartan army was ready to defend their country with their life. The battle was on. However, despite their numbers, the Spartans held the Persian army for 6 days. One reason the Spartan army was able to held their ground for that long was because the pass only allowed 1,000 men at one time.     After the first day of fight, after 3 days rest, Xerxes, decided to bring out his royal guards, "The Immortals". This part of army is consists of 10,000 men, fighting 1,000 at a time, and the rest replacing each other after each death. However their tactics didn't work. After 3 days of fight, the Persian army lost over 20,000 men. The only way The Persian could defeat the walls of Sparta was to find a way to get behind the Spartan army and attack from both sids.
    On the second day, a tachian named, Ephilates told the Persians, a secret track along the mountains. So Xerxes sent his royal guards through the secret track. While the royal guards were secretly traveling through the tracks, they encountered small forces of Phocians. Some Phocians were able to escape and warn the Spartans.
     Most of the Spartan army was able to escape, however, about 500 of the Thespians decided to stay and fight till death. When the Persians finally arrived at the bay on the morning of August 9th480 B.C., the 500 Spartans were only able to held the Persians for couple of hours. And soon, Xerxes launched his archers and finished the battle. All of Spartan army was on the floor, covered with blood.
       

  

  

 

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by Edward, Keith, Cody